Infertility - The Basics

Infertility can be one of the toughest experiences a couple can experience.

This is when couples are regularly having unprotected sex but are unable to get pregnant. Roughly 84% of couples will conceive naturally within a year, if it hasn’t happened within a year, it’s a good idea to go to your GP to get further advice and they can check for common causes of fertility problems and can advise on your next steps.

Infertility Facts

o 40% of infertility cases involve male factor issues

o 40% of infertility cases involve female factor issues

o 20% of infertility cases are joint problems or are ‘unexplained’

o 1 in 8 couples have trouble getting pregnant or sustaining pregnancy

o There’s been a 600% rise in women 40+ seeking IVF since 1978


This is something that can affect men too and the cause can be from either partner.

Common causes include:

o Lack of regular ovulation

o Poor quality semen

o Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes

o Endometriosis

There are also several lifestyle factors that can affect fertility:

o Age – Fertility declines with age

o Weight – Being overweight or severely underweight can affect fertility

o STIs – Sexually transmitted diseases can affect fertility, such as chlamydia

o Smoking – Can reduce semen quality

o Alcohol – Can also affect semen quality

o Environmental factors – Exposure to certain pesticides, solvents and metals has been shown to affect fertility, particularly in men

o Stress – Can have a huge impact on your fertility (and health in general!). It can affect your sex drive and in severe cases, may affect ovulation and sperm production

Treatment of Infertility

Treatment depends on what is causing your infertility and what’s available at your local clinic. Private treatment is available but can be extremely expensive and there’s no guarantee of success.

There is the option of medical treatment for lack of ovulation, surgical procedures for treatment of endometriosis, repairing of fallopian tubes or removal of adhesions within the womb or abdominal cavity. A further option would be assisted conception such as IVF.

Infertility can be an extremely stressful, emotional and distressing time for many couples. There are many options for support and counselling and at Inner Woman Wellness we are here to support you within our community so please do reach out and connect with us.

Information from official NHS website.

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